Arch Geschwulstforsch. 1988;58(6):411-7.
Biosocial and other characteristics of the large bowel cancer patients in Belgrade (Yugoslavia).
Jarebinski M, Vlajinac H, Adanja B.
Institute of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Belgrade University, Yugoslavia.
This paper presents the results of a comparative biosocial study between 186 patients with large bowel cancer and two groups of matched controls, each with 186 persons. One of these groups was from hospitalized patients, the other from the neighbourhood of the cancer patients. Bowel cancer patients and their controls were compared with regard to level of education, profession, physical activity in job, smoking habits, alcohol and coffee consumption and previous illnesses. The only parameters that were statistically different between cancer patients and both controls were haemorrhoids and use of laxatives, that were found to be increased in the cancer group. Higher education level, coffee consumption, polyposis, appendectomia were significantly more presented in bowel cancer patients but only in comparison to one control group. Out of the other diseases of the digestive tract, cases and controls differed with respect to cholecystitis, cholecystectomy and to diabetes.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3223792&dopt=Abstract constipation laxative
J Ethnopharmacol. 2002 Aug;81(3):321-5.
Tranquilizing, antihistaminic and purgative activity of Nyctanthes arbor tristis leaf extract.
Saxena RS, Gupta B, Lata S.
Department of Pharmacology, L.L.R.M. Medical College, Meerut 250 004, India.
The decoction of the leaves of Nyctanthes arbor tristis Linn. (Harsingar) is widely used in Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of sciatica, arthritis, fevers, various painful conditions and as laxative. In the present investigation, the water soluble portion of the alcoholic extract of the leaves was screened for some CNS activities (viz. hypnotic, tranquilizing, local anaesthetic, hypothermic, anticonvulsant), antihistaminic and purgative activities. The extract produced general depression of spontaneous motor activity, significantly increased pentobarbitone sleeping time though it had no effect on righting reflex. Furthermore higher doses of the extract abolished CAR without affecting motor coordination. Moreover the extract exhibited hypothermic effect and protected guinea pigs from histamine aerosol. These activities are common to major tranquilizers and support the usage of the plant by Ayurvedic physicians in aforementioned conditions. In addition significant purgative activity was also exhibited by the extract.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12127232&dopt=Abstract constipation laxative
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002 Aug;11(8):753-7.
Constipation, anthranoid laxatives, melanosis coli, and colon cancer: a risk assessment using aberrant crypt foci.
Nascimbeni R, Donato F, Ghirardi M, Mariani P, Villanacci V, Salerni B.
Cattedra di Chirurgia Generale, University of Brescia, 25124 Brescia, Italy.
The associations between colorectal cancer (CRC) and constipation, anthranoid laxative use, and melanosis coli are controversial. Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are microscopic lesions of the colonic mucosa suspected of being preneoplastic, and their investigation has been advocated to evaluate the cause-effect relationship between putative risk factors and CRC. To this aim, we investigated the relationship between sigmoid cancer (SC) and constipation, anthranoid laxative use, and melanosis coli using ACF analysis as an additional tool of investigation. Fifty-five surgical patients with SC, 41 surgical patients with diverticular disease (DD), and 96 age- and sex-matched subjects without intestinal disease (controls) were interviewed on their history of constipation and anthranoid laxative use. Melanosis coli and ACF characteristics were investigated on sigmoid mucosa in patients with SC or DD. Constipation and anthranoid laxative use were similar between patients with SC (30.9% and 32.7%, respectively) and those with DD (39% and 26.8%) but higher than among controls (18.8% and 8.3%). Melanosis coli was found in 38.2% of patients with SC and in 39% of those with DD. Mean ACF frequency was higher in patients with SC (0.24/cm(2)) than in those with DD (0.10/cm(2); P < 0.0001), and it did not vary according to constipation, laxative use, or melanosis coli in either group. This study confirms the association of ACF frequency with colon cancer and does not support the hypothesis of a cause-effect relationship of CRC with constipation, anthranoid laxative, use or melanosis coli.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12163329&dopt=Abstract constipation laxative
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